Articles 冠词

Indefinite Articles ‘A’ and ‘An’

不定冠词 ‘A’ 与 ‘An’

(1) Indefinite Article ‘A’

不定冠词 ‘A’

The Indefinite Articlea’ means ‘one’. It is used before a countable noun which starts with a consonant (one of the following letters: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y and z).

不定冠词a’的意思是‘一’。它位于以一个辅音字母 (b、 c、 d、 f、 g、 h、j、 k、 l、 m、 n、 p、 q、 r、 s、 t、 v、 w、 x、 y 或 z) 开头的可数名词之前。

Examples:

例子:

a bicycle 一辆自行车

a fish 一只鱼

a house 一所房子

a king 一位国王

a lion 一只狮子

a pen 一支钢笔

a queen 一位王后

a towel 一条毛巾

a watch 一支手表

a zoo 一座动物园


I have a bicycle.

我有一辆自行车。


There is a house on top of the hill.

那座山上有一所房子。


May I have a towel, please?

请问可以给我一条毛巾吗?


Xiulan’s father gave her a watch on her birthday.

在秀兰生日的那一天,她的父亲送给她一支手表。


A lion roars.

狮子会吼叫。


I saw a fish in the stream.

我在溪里看到一条鱼。


Exceptional Case 例外的情况

A’ is also used before a noun or adjective which starts with the vowels ‘u’ and ‘e’ but sounds like the consonant ‘y’.

A’也用在某些以元音字母‘u’及‘e’开头的名词及形容词之前。这些名词及形容词虽然是以‘u’或‘e’开头,但发音听起来像辅音字母‘y’。

Examples:

例子:

a unit 一个单元

a uniform 一件制服

a European 一位欧洲人

a unicorn 一只独角兽

a university 一所大学

a unisex beauty shop 一所男女皆宜的美容院

a used car 一辆二手汽车

a useful tool 一件有用的工具



My brother is studying in a university in England.
我的哥哥在一所英国的大学里求学。

I met a European on my way here.
来这儿的途中,我看见一位欧洲人。

My uncle is going to buy a used car.
我的叔叔将要买一辆二手汽车。







(2) Indefinite Article ‘An’

不定冠词 ‘An’

The Indefinite Articlean’ also means ‘one’. It is used before a countable noun which starts with a vowel (the letter a, e, i, o, or u).

不定冠词an’的意思也是 ‘一’。它位于以一个元音 (a、e、i、o 或 u) 开头的可数名词之前。

Examples:

例子:

an airplane 一辆飞机

an acrobat 一位杂技演员

an elephant 一只大象

an eel 一条鳗鱼

an ice cream 一份冰淇淋

an iguana 一只鬣蜥

an owl 一只猫头鹰

an orang-utan 一只褐猿

an umbrella 一支雨伞

an uncle 一位叔叔


An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

一天吃一粒萍果可使身体健康。


I spoke with an American this morning.

今天早上我跟一位美国人谈话。


The hunter shot an elephant.

那位猎人射杀了一只大象。


Gao Ling had an ice cream yesterday.

昨天高林吃了一份冰淇淋。


I saw an ostrich on Uncle Yang’s farm.

我在杨叔叔的农场里看到了一只驼鸟。


An uncle of mine is ill.

我的一位叔叔病倒了。


Exceptional Case 例外的情况

An’is also used for a word which begins with a silent‘h’.

An’也用于一个以静音‘h’开头的字之前。

Examples:

例子:

an hour
一个小时

an heir / heiress
一位男继承人 / 女继承人

an honest person
一个诚实的人

an honor
一项荣誉

I read for an hour in the library.
我在图书馆里阅读了一个小时。

Mr. Ye is an honest man.
叶先生是个诚实的人。

It’s an honour to be invited here.
被邀请到此,我深感荣幸。


Note:

Both‘a’and‘an’are used before an occupation or a job.

注:

A’与‘an’也用在职业的名称之前。

Examples:

例子:

a lawyer
一位律师

a surgeon
一位外科医师

a driver
一位司机

a secretary
一位秘书

an accountant
一位会计师

an artist
一位画家

an oculist
一位眼科医生

an author
一位作家

My father is an attorney.
我的父亲是一名律师。

Haozhe wants to be a pilot when he grows up.
皓哲长大后要当一名飞机师。

Huijia’s uncle is studying to be a physician.
慧嘉的叔叔正学习成为一位内科医生。


Definite Article‘The’

定冠词‘The’

The Definite Articlethe’is used:

以下是定冠词the’的用途:

(1) when we talk about something that we have mentioned before.

当我们再次提到曾经提过的东西。

Examples:

例子:

I have a pen. The pen is blue.

我有一支钢笔。那支钢笔是蓝色的。


Jason is reading a story. The story is very exciting.

贾森在读一个故事。那个故事很激动人心。


He found a few old stamps in his basement. The stamps are valuable.

他在他的地下室内找到了几枚古老的邮票。那些邮票值钱。


The rich man bought a diamond ring. He gave the ring to his wife.

那个富有的男人买了一枚钻石戒指。他把那枚戒指送给了他的妻子。


Chen Mei saw a beggar. The beggar was begging for money.

陈梅看见了一名乞丐。那名乞丐正在乞求钱。


A snake entered my house last evening. The snake was a cobra.

昨天傍晚有一条蛇爬进了我的屋子里。那是一条眼镜蛇。



(2) when we talk about a particular person or thing.

当我们提到一个特定的人或物品。

Examples:

例子:

This is the dictionary that I bought yesterday.

这本字典就是昨天我所买的。


I’m sorry for losing the pen that you lend me last week.

我很抱歉,因为我失去了你上个星期借给我的那一支钢笔。


He is the man who won the first prize in a lucky draw.

他就是在幸运抽奖中赢得了第一奖的那个男人。


Could you fetch me the apples that I bought from the supermarket?

你能够去把我在超级市场里买的那些苹果拿来吗?


The student who played hooky was punished by the principal.

逃学的那位学生被校长处罚了。


Isn’t she the actress who won an award recently?

她不是最近刚得奖的那位女演员吗?



(3) when there is only one such thing.

用来指世界上独一无二的东西。

Examples:

例子:

the earth 地球

the sun 太阳

the moon 月亮

the sky 天空

the sea 海

the South Pole 南极

the world 世界

the ground 地面

the horizon 地平线

the West 西方

the equator 赤道

the weather 天气

the temperature 温度


The earth is the only planet in the solar system that supports life.

在太阳系里,地球是唯一能支持生命的行星。


An eagle is flying in the sky.

一只老鹰在天空中飞行。


How’s the weather like tomorrow?

明天的天气如何?


The moon revolves round the earth.

月亮绕着地球转。


The boy tripped over a stone and fell to the ground.

那位男孩被一块石头绊倒,结果跌到地上。


Is the tide coming in now?

现在是涨潮吗?



(4) before names of rivers, seas, oceans, mountain ranges, groups of islands, deserts, gulfs, peninsulas and newspapers. It is also used before names of certain countries (especially plural names) and points on the globe.

位于河流、海、海洋、山脉、群岛、沙漠、海湾、半岛及报纸的名称之前。它也位于某国家的名称(尤其是复数的国家名称)及地球上地点的名称之前。

Examples:

例子:

the Amazon River 亚马孙河

the South China Sea 南中国海

the Indian Ocean 印度洋

the Himalayas Range 喜马拉雅山脉

the Galapagos Islands 加拉帕戈斯群岛

the Sahara Desert 撒哈拉沙漠

the Persian Gulf 波斯湾

the Iberian Peninsula 伊比利半岛

the Shanghai Daily 上海日报

the United Kingdom 英国

the United States of America 美国

the Philippines 菲律宾

the equator 赤道

the North Pole 北极


The Yangtze River is the longest river in China.

长江是中国最长的江河。


The Philippines is made up of more than 7,000 islands.

菲律宾是由超过7,000座岛所组成。


Have you ever been to the United States of America?

你曾去过美国吗?


We visited the Grand Canyon last month.

上个月我们参观了大峡谷。


The Pacific Ocean is the world’s largest Ocean.

太平洋是全世界最大的海洋。


The Congo River is located in Africa.

刚果河位于非洲。



(5) before superlatives.

位于最高级形容词之前。

Examples:

例子:

the highest 最高

the smallest 最小

the fastest 最快

the earliest 最早

the best 最好

the worst 最差

the most successful 最成功

the most beautiful 最漂亮


Which is the fastest car on earth?

世界上哪一辆车跑得最快?


This is the most expensive watch in the shop.

这支手表是那家店里最昂贵的。


I’d like to use the thickest dictionary on the shelf.

我想用书架上最厚的那本字典。


Your dog is the cutest pet I’ve ever seen.

你的狗是我所见到的宠物中最可爱的。


In this country, December is the coldest month of the year.

在这个国家,十二月是一年当中天气最寒冷的一个月。


The dolphin is one of the most intelligent creatures in the world.

海豚是世界上最聪明的生物之一。



Note:

No articles are needed for individual mountains (e.g. Mt. Fuji, Mt. Rushmore), names of games (e.g. basketball, chess) and names of roads (e.g. Santa Monica Boulevard, Kings Road).

注:

我们不需要在一座山(例如: 富士山、鲁什摩山等)、游戏(例如: 篮球、西洋棋等)及道路(例如: 圣摩尼卡大道、君王路等)的名称之前用冠词

Examples:

例子:

Mount Kinabalu is the highest mountain in Southeast Asia.
基纳巴卢山是东南亚最高的山。

I like to play chess in my free time.
空闲时,我喜欢下棋。

Liqian’s favorite games are basketball and netball.
丽倩特别喜爱打蓝球及羽毛球。

I met Xiaoguo in Guang Hua Road last week.
上个星期,我在光华路遇到了小郭。

Mount Fuji is located in Japan.
富士山位于日本。

There has been an accident on Strawberry Street.
在草莓街发生了一起车祸。



Exercises 习题

A. Fill in the blanks with the articles ‘a' or ‘an'. Leave the blanks empty if no articles are needed.

试用冠词 ‘a' 或 ‘an' 来填充。如果不需要用冠词,就不用填任何答案。

1. __________ owl is __________ bird.

2. __________ snake slithers.

3. Mr. Gabriel is __________ security guard. He wears __________ uniform to work.

4. Lucy is peeling __________ apple with __________ knife.

5. James and Nicholas have been fishing by the river for __________ hour.

6. It looks like rain. You had better take __________ umbrella or __________ raincoat with you.

7. __________ blacksmith makes things out of __________ iron.

8. She puts __________ bouquet of flowers into the vase.

9. Paula is having __________ cold. She has gone to see __________ doctor.

10. __________ elephant has __________ trunk.


B. Fill in the blanks with the articles ‘a', ‘an' or ‘the'. Leave the blanks empty if no articles are needed.

试用冠词 ‘a'、‘an' 或 ‘the' 来填充。如果不需要用冠词,就不用填任何答案。

1. I have __________ Indian friend who comes from __________ India. He is __________ Hindu.

2. Jupiter is __________ largest planet in __________ solar system.

3. __________ wealthy man lives in a bungalow. __________ bungalow overlooks __________ sea.

4. My mother bought __________ necklace yesterday. She is going to wear __________ necklace to __________ dinner tonight.

5. __________ Mount Everest is __________ highest mountain in __________ world.

6. My brother and sister enjoy playing __________ Chinese chequers.

7. He is __________ first person to sail across __________ Atlantic Ocean.

8. This is __________ magazine that I told you about earlier.

9. I used to live on __________ High Street but now I live on __________ Crescent Road.

10. I went to see __________ movie last evening. __________ movie is about __________ man who was stranded on __________ island for four years before he was rescued by __________ captain of __________ ship.


C. Fill in the blanks with the articles ‘a', ‘an' or ‘the'. Leave the blanks empty if no articles are needed.

试用冠词 ‘a'、‘an' 或 ‘the' 来填充。如果不需要用冠词,就不用填任何答案。

1. I am __________ eldest child in my family.

2. __________ tailor is __________ person who makes __________ clothes for men.

3. __________ tourists are going to climb __________ Mt. Fuji tomorrow.

4. __________ porpoise is __________ sea mammal.

5. My mother is having __________ perm in __________ unisex beauty shop.

6. __________ orang-utan is __________ endangered species.

7. __________ bus journey takes half __________ hour.

8. That is __________ man who comes from __________ Korea.

9. After I had mopped __________ floor, I went out to play __________ baseball.

10. __________ heir is __________ person who has __________ legal right to receive another person’s property when that person dies.


Answers 答案

A.

1. An, a

2. A

3. a, a

4. an, a

5. an

6. an, a

7. A, -

8. a

9. a, a

10. An, a


B.

1. An, - , a

2. the, the

3. The, the, the

4. a, the, a

5. - , the, the

6. -

7. the, the

8. the

9. - , -

10. a, The, a, an, the, a


C.

1. the

2. A, a, -

3. The, -

4. The/A, a

5. a, a/the

6. The, an

7. The, an

8. the, -

9. the, -

10. An, a/the, the