Comparison of Adverbs 副词的比较

Just like adjectives, adverbs have three degrees of comparison – the Positive, the Comparative and the Superlative.

和形容词一样,副词也有三个比较的等级 – 原级比较级最高级。


Positive Degree 原级

The Positive Degree is used to show that a person carries out an action in the same way as another person. ‘As’ is used before and after the adverb (asas).

原级副词用来显示两个人以同样的方式来完成一个行动。 ‘As’ 用在副词之前与之后 (asas)。

Examples:

例子:

skillfully - as skillfully as 同样熟练地

quietly – as quietly as 同样安静地

bravely – as bravely as 同样勇敢地

dearly – as dearly as 同样深深地(爱着)

slowly – as slowly as 同样缓慢地


Huilian sings as beautifully as Lingling.

惠莲唱歌像玲玲一样优美。


She folds the blanket as neatly as I do.

她折毯子和我同样整齐。


Sam did as badly as Jim in the exam.

萨姆在那个考试中考得和吉姆一样差。


We danced as gracefully as they on the stage.

我们在台上的舞蹈和他们跳得一样优美。


Mrs. Gao loves the kids as dearly as Mr. Gao.

高太太和高先生一样深深地爱着那些孩子们。


Li Xiang ran as quickly as Xiaobao to school.

李翔和小宝同样快地跑去学校。






Comparative Degree 比较级

The Comparative Degree of an adverb is formed by combining ‘more’, the adverb and ‘than’ (morethan). It is used to compare the way two persons carry out a same action.

比较级副词的形成方式是把 ‘more’、 副词及 ‘than’ (morethan) 结合起来。它是用来比较两个人进行同样一个行动的方式。

Examples:

例子:

carefully – more carefully than 更小心翼翼地

patiently – more patiently than 更耐心地

noisily – more noisily than 更吵闹地

roughly – more roughly than 更粗鲁地

neatly – more neatly than 更整齐地


The ladies are talking more noisily than the gentlemen.

那些女士们比男士们更吵闹地在交谈。


Mr. Liu donates more generously than Mr. Zhang to charity.

刘先生比张先生更慷慨地捐赠给慈善机构。


Meifeng sang more beautifully than Qingqing last night.

昨晚美凤唱得比青青更优美。


Xiuzhen dances more gracefully than Huiping does.

秀珍的舞蹈跳得比惠萍更优美。


Adam is listening to the teacher more attentively than Alan.

亚当比艾伦更全神贯注地在听老师讲课。


You fold the blanket more neatly than I.

你比我更整齐地折毯子。



The comparative of a one-syllable adverb is formed by combining the adverb, ‘er’ and ‘than’.

单音节比较级副词的形成方式是把副词、 ‘er’ 及 ‘than’ 结合起来。

Examples:

例子:

late – later than 更迟

long – longer than 更长远

near – nearer than 更靠近


Wendy arrived at the party later than I did.

温迪比我更迟到达派对场所。


He walked a longer distance than I did.

他比我走了更长远的路。


I was sitting nearer to the window than Xiaomei.

我比小梅坐得更靠近窗口。



The comparatives of some adverbs are irregularly formed.

有些比较级副词的形成方式不规则。

Examples:

例子:

well – better than 更好

badly – worse than 更差

little – less than 更少


Hanfu did better than Guobin in the mathematics test.

在数学考试里,汉福比国彬考得更好。


Linmei dances worse than Chunjiao.

林美的舞蹈比春娇跳得好。


I ate less food than my brother.

我比哥哥吃更少饭。



Superlative Degree 最高级

The Superlative Degree of an adverb is used to compare the way three or more persons carry out a same action. It is formed by combining ‘the most’ and the adverb.

最高级副词的形成方式是把 ‘the most’ 和副词结合起来。它是用来比较三个或更多人进行同样一个行动的方式。

Examples:

例子:

happily – the most happily 最高兴地

silently – the most silently 最安静地

angrily – the most angrily 最生气地

politely – the most politely 最有礼貌地

patiently – the most patiently 最有耐心地


Of the five dancers, Xinghua dances the most gracefully.

五位舞蹈者之中,杏花跳得最优美。


Shuhai was punished by his teacher because he behaved the most rudely in class.

舒海被老师处罚,因为他的行为在班上是最恶劣的。


Linda sang the most sweetly in the contest and became the champion.

在比赛中,琳达唱得最悦耳动听,结果获得了冠军。


Yongshun writes the most neatly among his family members.

在永顺的家庭成员之中,他的字写得最整齐。


Among Mr. and Mrs. Huang’s six children, they love Lili the most dearly.

在黄先生及他太太的六个孩子当中,他们最疼爱丽丽。



The superlative of a one-syllable adverb is formed by combining ‘the’, the adverb and ‘est’.

单音节最高级副词的形成方式是把 ‘the’、 副词及 ‘est’ 结合起来。

Examples:

例子:

slow – the slowest 最慢

fast – the fastest 最快

soon – the soonest 最早


Mark runs the slowest among the three men.

那三位男人之中,马克跑得最慢。


Licai completed his job the soonest among all the workers.

在所有的工人当中,利财最早完成他的工作。


Of all the boys, Guosheng climbed the tree the fastest.

在所有的男孩之中,国圣爬树最快。



The superlatives of some adverbs are irregular.

有些最高级副词的形成方式不规则。

Examples:

例子:

much – the most 最多

early – the earliest 最早

far – the farthest / the furthest 最远


Mr. Su ate the most food among the five men.

在那五个男人只中,苏先生吃了最多食物。


I arrived in the hall the earliest among the audience.

观众之中,我最早抵达礼堂。


Of all the anglers, Michael caught the least fish.

垂钓者之中,迈克尔的收获最少。



Exercises 习题

A. Fill in the blanks in the table.

把表里的空格填起来。

Positive 原级 Comparative 比较级 Superlative 最高级
steady more steadily the most steadily
soon sooner soonest
terribly ____________ ____________
____________ more pleasantly ____________
hard ____________ ____________
____________ ____________ best
____________ more proudly ____________
____________ ____________ most wisely
busy ____________ ____________
____________ more comfortably ____________
____________ ____________ worst
____________ ____________ the latest


B. Choose the right answers.

选择对的答案。

1. During the quarrel, Mary shouted as ( loudly, more loudly ) as John.

2. The tiger at the circus roared ( most fiercely, more fiercely ) than the lion.

3. Of all the girls, Susan cycled the ( more slowly, most slowly ) in the park.

4. I play the saxophone ( well, better ) than my brother.

5. Wesly speaks French as ( fluently, most fluently ) as Waverly.

6. Sue Green wrote the ( better, best ) novel among all the contestants.

7. Your car engine runs ( more smoothly, most smoothly ) than mine.

8. Among all insect species, I like the cockroach the ( less, least ).

9. Anna talks ( more politely, most politely ) than any other students in class.

10. Of all the passengers, Harry arrived at the airport the ( latest, later ).


C. Rewrite the following sentences, using the right forms of the adverbs in brackets.

重写以下的句子,并采用括号里副词正确的比较形式。

1. Jason slept as (soundly) as Bob last night.

2. My sister can read (fast) than my brother.

3. This bakery sells the (good) cookies in town.

4. Who can swim (fast), Tim or Brian?

5. I ate (little) than usual yesterday because I was sick.

6. The pigeon is flying (high) than the sparrow.

7. Emma went to bed the (late) among her family members last night.

8. Patsy sang the (terribly) in the singing contest and was eliminated in the first round.

9. Samy caught (many) fish than all the other anglers.

10. Joe was dressed as (smartly) as Eric this morning.


Answers 答案

A.

Positive Comparative Superlative
steady more steadily the most steadily
soon sooner soonest
terribly more terribly the most terribly
pleasantly more pleasantly the most pleasantly
hard harder hardest
well better best
proudly more proudly the most proudly
wisely more wisely most wisely
busy more busily most busily
comfortably more comfortably most comfortably
bad worse worst
late later latest

B.

1. loudly

2. more fiercely

3. most slowly

4. better

5. fluently

6. best

7. more smoothly

8. least

9. more politely

10. latest


C.

1. Jason slept as soundly as Bob last night.

2. My sister can read faster than my brother.

3. This bakery sells the best cookies in town.

4. Who can swim faster, Tim or Brian?

5. I ate less than usual yesterday because I was sick.

6. The pigeon is flying higher than the sparrow.

7. Emma went to bed the latest among her family members last night.

8. Patsy sang the most terribly in the singing contest and was eliminated in the first round.

9. Samy caught more fish than all the other anglers.

10. Joe was dressed as smartly as Eric this morning.