Countable Nouns are nouns that can be counted.
book, cars, man, table, dog, eggs, pen, buses, ladies, chairs, cat, mango, ruler, helicopter, cupboard, person, monkeys, sausage, etc.
book (书)、 cars (汽车)、 man(男人)、 table (桌子)、 dog (狗)、 eggs (蛋)、 pen (钢笔)、 buses (公车)、 ladies (女士)、 chairs (椅子)、 cat (猫)、 mango (芒果)、 ruler (尺)、 helicopter (直升机)、 cupboard (厨柜), person (人)、 monkeys (猴子)、 sausage (香肠) 等。
Quantifiers such as ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘any’, ‘some’, ‘a few’, ‘several’, ‘a lot of’, ‘plenty of’ and ‘a small / large number of’ are used with countable nouns.
数量词 如 ‘a’ (一个)、 ‘an’ (一个)、 ‘any’ (任何)、 ‘some’ (一些)、 ‘a few’ (几个)、 ‘several’ (几个)、 ‘a lot of’ (许多)、 ‘plenty of’ (许多) 及 ‘a small / large number of’ (少 / 大量) 与可数名词连用。
a man (一个男人)
an orphan (一个孤儿)
any people (任何人)
some houses (一些房子)
a few children (几个小孩)
a lot of sheep (许多绵羊)
a small / large number of ants (少 / 大量蚂蚁)
I saw a man on the beach.
Decong is an orphan.
There aren't any people in the hall.
There are some eggs in the bowl.
A few children are playing at the playground.
The farmer has several cows on his farm.
A lot of sheep are grazing in the field.
Ailing grows plenty of flowers in her garden.
There are a large number of ants on the branches.
water, oil, gas, powder, sugar, salt, milk, tea, coffee, wood, iron, steel, time, money, ink, butter, paper, jam, etc.
water (水)、 oil (油)、 gas (煤气), powder (粉)、 sugar (白糖)、 salt (盐)、 milk (奶)、 tea (茶)、 coffee (咖啡)、 wood (木)、 iron (铁)、 steel (钢)、 time (时间)、 money (钱)、 ink (墨水)、 butter (黄油)、 paper (纸)、 jam (果酱)等。
Quantifiers like ‘any’, ‘much’, ‘a little’, ‘some’, ‘a lot of’, ‘plenty of’, ‘a great / good deal of’ and a small / large amount of’ are used with uncountable nouns.
数量词 如 ‘any’、 ‘much’、 ‘a little’ (一点)、 ‘some’、 ‘a lot of’、 ‘plenty of’、 ‘a great / good deal of’ (大量) 及 ‘a small / large amount of’ (少 / 大量)与不可数名词连用。
any water (任何水)
any coffee (任何咖啡)
not much sand (少量的沙)
some jam (一些果酱)
a little time (少量的时间)
plenty of paper (许多纸)
a lot of money (许多钱)
a small amount of salt (少量的盐)
Could you please add a little salt to the soup?
Not much orange juice is left in the jug.
Yongguang spread some peanut butter on a piece of toast.
We need a lot of time to complete this project.
There is plenty of food on the table. Just help yourself to it.
The well-off man spent a great deal of money to build the castle.
Mrs. Bowie drinks a small amount of wine daily for good health.
Note: ‘Any’, ‘some’, ‘a lot of’ and ‘plenty of’ are used with both countable and uncountable nouns.
‘Some’ is used mainly in positive sentences while ‘any’ is used with uncountable or plural nouns in negative sentences and questions.
注: ‘Any’, ‘some’, ‘a lot of’ and ‘plenty of’ 与可数及不可数名词连用。
‘Some’ 主要是用在肯定句里，而 ‘any’ 是用在否定句及疑问句里与不可数及复数名词连用。
I have some books to read. (positive sentence)
There is some orange juice in the jug. (positive sentence)
Nancy does not have any money on her. (negative sentence)
I did not see any boats on the river. (negative sentence)
Have the children any toys to play with? (question)
Did the maid prepare any lemonade for us? (question)
A. Choose the correct answers.
1. I need ( a few, a little ) more eggs to make a cake.
2. Jack ate ( several, some ) bread and drank a glass of milk for breakfast.
3. How ( much, many ) money do you have?
4. Newborn babies need ( a great deal of, a large number of ) sleep.
5. Mrs. Brown plants ( a lot of, a large amount of ) vegetables in her backyard.
6. On the way to the hospital, the accident victim lost ( a large amount of, a large number of ) blood and passed out.
7. Not ( many, much ) oil is left in the bottle.
8. Are there ( any, some ) messages for me?
9. ( A little, Several ) cars were parked by the roadside.
10. The kids saw ( much, many ) starfish on the beach.
B. Choose the correct answers.
1. Mandy has been watching TV for ( a little, a few ) hours.
2. Alex enjoys collecting coins. He has collected ( a great deal of, a large number of ) coins.
3. Please give me ( some , a little ) time to think about it.
4. ( Many, Much ) buildings were destroyed in the earthquake.
5. I need ( much, a little ) oil to fry a few eggs.
6. Do you have ( some, any ) drinks in your backpack?
7. Jonathan went camping with ( several, a little ) friends last week.
8. We had (many, a lot of ) fun in the amusement park.
9. ( A small amount of, A few ) pages are missing from this book.
10. There aren’t ( any, some ) payphones in this village.
1. a few
4. a great deal of
5. a lot of
6. a large amount of
1. a few
2. a large number of
5. a little
8. a lot of
9. A few