Countable and Uncountable Nouns 可数和不可数名词

Countable Nouns

Countable Nouns are nouns that can be counted.

可数名词 是指可以计算的名词。

Examples:

book, cars, man, table, dog, eggs, pen, buses, ladies, chairs, cat, mango, ruler, helicopter, cupboard, person, monkeys, sausage, etc.

例子:

book (书)、 cars (汽车)、 man(男人)、 table (桌子)、 dog (狗)、 eggs (蛋)、 pen (钢笔)、 buses (公车)、 ladies (女士)、 chairs (椅子)、 cat (猫)、 mango (芒果)、 ruler (尺)、 helicopter (直升机)、 cupboard (厨柜), person (人)、 monkeys (猴子)、 sausage (香肠) 等。


Quantifiers such as ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘any’, ‘some’, ‘a few’, ‘several’, ‘a lot of’, ‘plenty of’ and ‘a small / large number of’ are used with countable nouns.

数量词 如 ‘a’ (一个)、 ‘an’ (一个)、 ‘any’ (任何)、 ‘some’ (一些)、 ‘a few’ (几个)、 ‘several’ (几个)、 ‘a lot of’ (许多)、 ‘plenty of’ (许多) 及 ‘a small / large number of’ (少 / 大量) 与可数名词连用。

Examples:

例子:

a man (一个男人)

an orphan (一个孤儿)

any people (任何人)

some houses (一些房子)

a few children (几个小孩)

a lot of sheep (许多绵羊)

a small / large number of ants (少 / 大量蚂蚁)


I saw a man on the beach.

我看见一个男人在海滩上。


Decong is an orphan.

德聪是个孤儿。


There aren't any people in the hall.

礼堂里没有任何人。


There are some eggs in the bowl.

碗里有一些蛋。


A few children are playing at the playground.

有几个小孩正在游乐场玩耍。


The farmer has several cows on his farm.

那位农夫在他的农场里养了几头牛。


A lot of sheep are grazing in the field.

许多只绵羊在草地上吃草。


Ailing grows plenty of flowers in her garden.

爱玲在她的花园里种了许多花。


There are a large number of ants on the branches.

树枝上有许多蚂蚁。






Uncountable Nouns 不可数名词

不可数名词 是指不能计算的名词。

Examples:

water, oil, gas, powder, sugar, salt, milk, tea, coffee, wood, iron, steel, time, money, ink, butter, paper, jam, etc.

例子:

water (水)、 oil (油)、 gas (煤气), powder (粉)、 sugar (白糖)、 salt (盐)、 milk (奶)、 tea (茶)、 coffee (咖啡)、 wood (木)、 iron (铁)、 steel (钢)、 time (时间)、 money (钱)、 ink (墨水)、 butter (黄油)、 paper (纸)、 jam (果酱)等。


Quantifiers like ‘any’, ‘much’, ‘a little’, ‘some’, ‘a lot of’, ‘plenty of’, ‘a great / good deal of’ and a small / large amount of’ are used with uncountable nouns.

数量词 如 ‘any’、 ‘much’、 ‘a little’ (一点)、 ‘some’、 ‘a lot of’、 ‘plenty of’、 ‘a great / good deal of’ (大量) 及 ‘a small / large amount of’ (少 / 大量)与不可数名词连用。

Examples:

例子:

any water (任何水)

any coffee (任何咖啡)

not much sand (少量的沙)

some jam (一些果酱)

a little time (少量的时间)

plenty of paper (许多纸)

a lot of money (许多钱)

a small amount of salt (少量的盐)



Could you please add a little salt to the soup?

你能给汤舔加一点盐吗?


Not much orange juice is left in the jug.

壶里只剩下少量的橙汁。


Yongguang spread some peanut butter on a piece of toast.

永光在一片烤面包上涂抹一些花生酱。.


We need a lot of time to complete this project.

我们须要很多时间来完成这个计划。


There is plenty of food on the table. Just help yourself to it.

桌子上有很多食物。自己来吧。


The well-off man spent a great deal of money to build the castle.

那位富有的人花了一大笔钱建造了那座城堡。


Mrs. Bowie drinks a small amount of wine daily for good health.

为了身体的健康,张先生每天喝少量酒。



Note: ‘Any’, ‘some’, ‘a lot of’ and ‘plenty of’ are used with both countable and uncountable nouns.

Some’ is used mainly in positive sentences while ‘any’ is used with uncountable or plural nouns in negative sentences and questions.

: ‘Any’, ‘some’, ‘a lot of’ and ‘plenty of’ 与可数及不可数名词连用。

Some’ 主要是用在肯定句里,而 ‘any’ 是用在否定句及疑问句里与不可数及复数名词连用。

Examples:
例子:

I have some books to read. (positive sentence)
我有一些书看。(肯定句)

There is some orange juice in the jug. (positive sentence)
壶里有一些茶。(肯定句)

Nancy does not have any money on her. (negative sentence)
南希没带钱。(否定句)

I did not see any boats on the river. (negative sentence)
那些小孩有玩具玩吗? (疑问句)

Have the children any toys to play with? (question)
那些小孩有玩具玩吗? (疑问句)

Did the maid prepare any lemonade for us? (question)
女仆给我们准备柠檬汁了吗? (疑问句)


Exercises 习题

A. Choose the correct answers.

选择对的答案。

1. I need ( a few, a little ) more eggs to make a cake.

2. Jack ate ( several, some ) bread and drank a glass of milk for breakfast.

3. How ( much, many ) money do you have?

4. Newborn babies need ( a great deal of, a large number of ) sleep.

5. Mrs. Brown plants ( a lot of, a large amount of ) vegetables in her backyard.

6. On the way to the hospital, the accident victim lost ( a large amount of, a large number of ) blood and passed out.

7. Not ( many, much ) oil is left in the bottle.

8. Are there ( any, some ) messages for me?

9. ( A little, Several ) cars were parked by the roadside.

10. The kids saw ( much, many ) starfish on the beach.


B. Choose the correct answers.

选择对的答案。

1. Mandy has been watching TV for ( a little, a few ) hours.

2. Alex enjoys collecting coins. He has collected ( a great deal of, a large number of ) coins.

3. Please give me ( some , a little ) time to think about it.

4. ( Many, Much ) buildings were destroyed in the earthquake.

5. I need ( much, a little ) oil to fry a few eggs.

6. Do you have ( some, any ) drinks in your backpack?

7. Jonathan went camping with ( several, a little ) friends last week.

8. We had (many, a lot of ) fun in the amusement park.

9. ( A small amount of, A few ) pages are missing from this book.

10. There aren’t ( any, some ) payphones in this village.


Answers 答案

A.

1. a few

2. some

3. much

4. a great deal of

5. a lot of

6. a large amount of

7. much

8. any

9. Several

10. many


B.

1. a few

2. a large number of

3. some

4. Many

5. a little

6. any

7. several

8. a lot of

9. A few

10. any