Simple Future Tense & ‘Going To’ Form

一般将来时态与 ‘Going To’ 形式

Simple Future Tense 一般将来时态

The Simple Future Tense is formed by combining the modal verb‘will’/‘shall’with the base form of a verb.

一般将来时态的形成方式是把情态动词‘will’/‘shall’和原形动词结合。

Modal verb‘will’/‘shall’+ Base form of a verb = Simple Future Tense

情态动词‘will’/‘shall’+ 原形动词 = 一般将来时态

Examples:

例子:

will + go = will go

shall + see = shall see


The simple future tense is used to talk about future action. We use ‘will’with all nouns and pronouns. Apart from‘will’,‘shall’can also be used with the pronouns‘I’and ‘we’.

一般将来时态是用来表达未来的行动。‘Will’可与所有的名词和代名词连用。除了‘will’,‘shall’也可以和‘I’及‘we’连用。

Examples:

例子:

I will/shall see you again next Monday.

下个星期一,我将会再和你见面。


Weilong will discuss the matter with you tomorrow.

伟龙明天将和你讨论那件事。


They will go for a picnic next weekend.

他们下个周末将去野餐。


Meimei and her family will visit us soon.

美眉和她的一家人不久将来拜访我们。


We will/shall hear a concert tonight.

我们今晚将去听一场音乐会。


You will catch the train if you hurry.

如果你抓紧时间,你将赶上那趟火车。






‘Going To’ Form

‘Going To’ 形式

The‘Going ToForm is formed by combining the auxiliary verb ‘am’/‘is’/‘are’,‘going to’and the base form of a verb.

Going To形式的形成方式是把助动词‘am’/‘is’/‘are’、‘going to’及原形动词结合。

Auxiliary verb (am/is/are) +‘Going To’+ Base form of a verb =‘Going ToForm

助动词 (am/is/are) +‘Going To’+ 原形动词 =‘Going To形式

Examples:

例子:

am + going to + see = am going to see

is + going to + do = is going to do

are + going to + win = are going to win


The‘going to’form is used:

我们用‘going to’形式来:

(i) to talk about future action, especially a planned action.

表达未来的行动,尤其是一个计划好了的行动。

Examples:

例子:

I am going to plant a fruit tree in the backyard of my house.

我将在我家后院里种一棵果树。


Mr. Li and his family are going to tour Australia next month.

李先生和他的一家人下个月将去澳洲旅游。


Irene is going to wash her car this evening.

艾琳今天傍晚将洗她的车。



(ii) to show that something is sure to happen.

显示某件事肯定会发生。

Examples:

例子:

My wife is going to give birth in a couple of days.

过几天后,我的太太将分娩。


The election is going to take place next month.

选举将在下个月举行。


The plants are going to wither without any water.

缺乏水份,那些植物将会枯萎。



Exercises 习题

A. Fill in the blanks with the simple future tense of the verbs in brackets.

试用括号里动词的一般将来时态来填充空格。

1. Tracy ____________ (call) you when she reaches home.

2. We ____________ (go) shopping when the rain stops.

3. Linda ____________ (buy) you a birthday present next week.

4. Wesly ____________ (fetch) you from the railroad station this evening.

5. I ____________ (wash) my car next week.

6. Valerie ____________ (accompany) you to the post office next Monday.

7. The postman ____________ (deliver) the parcel to you this afternoon.

8. Henry ____________ (reply) to his pen pal’s letter in a while.

9. The children ____________ (swim) in the lake tomorrow.

10. We ____________ (raise) funds for the old folks’ home soon.


B. Rewrite the following sentences, using the‘going to’form of the verbs in brackets.

重写以下的句子,并用括号里动词的‘going to’形式。

1. I (visit) my grandparents next Sunday.

2. My father and I (paint) our house next weekend.

3. Sarah (show) me the pictures that she took in Paris.

4. Let’s stay indoors. It (rain).

5. The government (demolish) the old buildings.

6. Look out! The dog (attack) you.

7. We (grow) some flowers in our garden soon.

8. I am thirsty. I (drink) a glass of water to quench my thirst.

9. They are not feeling well. They (see) a doctor first thing in the morning.

10. My parents (throw) a party to celebrate my birthday.


Answers 答案

A.

1. will call

2. will/shall go

3. will buy

4. will fetch

5. will/shall wash

6. will accompany

7. will deliver

8. will reply

9. will swim

10. will/shall raise


B.

1. I am going to visit my grandparents next Sunday.

2. My father and I are going to paint our house next weekend.

3. Sarah is going to show me the pictures that she took in Paris.

4. Let’s stay indoors. It is going to rain.

5. The government is going to demolish the old buildings.

6. Look out! The dog is going to attack you.

7. We are going to grow some flowers in our garden soon.

8. I am thirsty. I am going to drink a glass of water to quench my thirst.

9. They are not feeling well. They are going to see a doctor first thing in the morning.

10. My parents are going to throw a party to celebrate my birthday.