Past Perfect Tense 过去完成时态

The Past Perfect Tense is formed by combining the auxiliary verb ‘had’ with a past participle.

过去完成时态的形成方式是把助动词‘had’及过去分词结合起来。

Auxiliary Verb‘had’+ Past Participle = Past Perfect Tense

助动词‘had’+ 过去分词 = 过去完成时态

Examples:

例子:

had + drunk = had drunk

had + wiped = had wiped


The past perfect tense is used:

我们用过去完成时态来:

(i) to talk about two past actions which took place one after the other. The earlier action is in the past perfect tense while the later action is in the simple past tense. It is often used with adverbs such as ‘when’ and ‘after’.

表示两个过去的动作一个接着另一个发生。先发生的动作是以过去完成时态来表达,而比较迟发生的那一个动作则以一般过去时态来表达。我们常常会在一个过去完成时态的句子里用到‘when’(当…时)及‘after’(之后)。

Examples:

例子:

When I had taken my bath, I watched television.

当我洗好澡后,我看电视。

(In the above sentence, the earlier action (I had taken my bath) is in the past perfect while the later action (I watched television) is in the simple past.)

(在上面的句子里,先发生的动作(洗好澡)是以过去完成时态来表达。比较迟发生的那一个动作(看电视)则以一般过去时态来表达。)


Caiyi saw a movie after she had done the household chores.

当采依做完家庭杂务后,她去看一场电影。

(In the above sentence, Elaine's earlier action (she had done the household chores) is in the past perfect while the later action (she saw a movie) is in the simple past tense.)

(在上面的句子里,先发生的动作(做完家庭杂务)是以过去完成时态来表达。比较迟发生的那一个动作(看一场电影)则以一般过去时态来表达。)


After Wangtie had eaten a piece of cake, he drank a glass of milk.

当王铁吃了一块蛋糕后,他喝了一杯奶。


When the police arrived, the burglars had fled.

当警方抵达时,那些破门盗贼已逃跑。


All the vehicles stopped after the traffic lights had turned red.

当交通信号灯转换成红灯时,所有的车辆都停了下来。







(ii) in the reported or indirect speech. It is often used with verbs like‘said’,‘told’,‘thought’,‘wondered’,‘asked’, etc.

在间接引语中,过去完成时态也经常与‘said’(说)、‘told’(告诉)、‘thought’(想)、‘wondered’(想知道)、‘asked’(问) 等动词连用。

Examples:

例子:

Benxuan said that he had done his homework.

本轩说他已做完他的功课。


Mulan thought that she had forgotten to lock her car doors.

木兰以为她已忘了锁车门。


He told me that he had bought a new watch.

他告诉我说他已买了一支新手表。


Liping wondered if her sister had reached home.

丽萍想知道是否她的妹妹已经抵达家。


Professor Shen asked me whether I had completed my written assignment.

沈教授问我是否已经完成了书面作业。



Exercises 习题

A. Fill in the blanks with the past perfect tense of the verbs in brackets.

试用括号里动词的过去完成时态来填充空格。

1. When the secretary ____________ (type) a letter, she made a phone call.

2. I washed the dishes after I ____________ (finish) my lunch.

3. Vivian thought she ____________ (meet) the man before, but she was wrong.

4. After Ivan ____________ (buy) a ticket, he entered the theatre.

5. Mr. Wagner washed his hands after he ____________ (visit) the bathroom.

6. Janet told me that she ____________ (find) a new job.

7. After my mum ____________ (fry) a few eggs, she made some sandwiches.

8. Joshua went strolling in the park when he ____________ (has) his dinner.


B. Fill in the blanks with the past perfect or simple past tense of the verbs in brackets.

试用括号里动词的过去完成时态或一般过去时态来填充空格。

1. They ____________ (say) that they ____________ (speak) to the manager.

2. When my maid ____________ (sweep) the floor, she ____________ (mop) it.

3. The passengers ____________ (alight) from the bus after it ____________ (stop).

4. Mrs. Jefferson wondered whether her son ____________ (does) well in his exam.

5. Margaret ____________ (grill) the prawns when she ____________ (shell) them.

6. After the farmer ____________ (harvest) the bunch of bananas, he ____________ (chop) down the tree.

7. The driver told Alex that he ____________ (board) the wrong bus.

8. After Mrs. Smith ____________ (wash) the clothes, she ____________ (dry) them under the sun.


Answers 答案

A.

1. had typed

2. had finished

3. had met

4. had bought

5. had visited

6. had found

7. had fried

8. had had


B.

1. said, had spoken

2. had swept, mopped

3. alighted, had stopped

4. had done

5. grilled, had shelled

6. had harvested, chopped

7. had boarded

8. had washed, dried