Reflexive Pronouns 反身代名词

Myself’, ‘yourself’, ‘himself’, ‘herself’, ‘themselves’, ‘ourselves’ and ‘itself’ are the eight Reflexive Pronouns. Singular reflexive pronouns end in ‘self’ while plural reflexive pronouns end in ‘selves’.

Myself’、 ‘yourself’、 ‘himself’、 ‘herself’、 ‘themselves’、 ‘ourselves’ 及 ‘itself’ 是 反身代名词。 单数反身代名词以 ‘self’ 结尾, 复数反身代名词以 ‘selves’ 结尾。

In a sentence, a reflexive pronoun is used as the object.

在一个句子里,反身代名词用来当作宾语。

Examples:

例子:

She taught herself how to play the guitar. 她自己学习弹吉他。

(In the above sentence, the pronoun ‘she’ is the subject and the reflexive pronoun ‘herself’ is the object. Both the subject and the object refer to the same person.)

(在上述句子里,代名词 ‘she’ 是主语,反身代名词 ‘herself’ 是宾语。主语与宾语是指同一个人。)


He bathed himself before going to church.

去教堂之前,他洗了一个澡。


Selina cut herself while peeling an apple.

当珊珊在削萍果皮时,她割伤了自己。


I will treat myself to a new pair of shoes.

我将给自己买双新鞋。


You can cook yourself something to eat.

你可以自己煮些东西吃。


“Try to do your homework yourselves,” said the teacher to the students.

“你们应该自己完成家庭作业,”老师告诉学生们。


They behaved themselves at the ceremony.

他们参加典礼时很规矩。


We bought ourselves some magazines to read.

我们买了一些杂志来看。


The cat caught itself a mouse.

那只猫为自己捉了一只老鼠。





A reflexive pronoun can also be used as the indirect object of a verb. In such a case, it is usually used after a preposition.

反身代名词也可以用来当作一个的动词的间接宾语。在此情况之下,它通常位于一个介词之后。

Examples:

例子:

Henry peeled an apple for himself. 亨利为自己削了一个萍果。

(In the above sentence, the noun ‘apple’ is the direct object. The reflexive pronoun ‘himself’ is the indirect object. It is placed after the preposition ‘for’.)

(在以上的句子里, 名词 ‘apple’ 是直接宾语。 反身代名词 ‘himself’ 则是间接宾语。 它位于介词 ‘for’ 之后。)


They built the bridge all by themselves.

他们自己建造那座桥。


She made a cup of coffee for herself.

她为自己煮了一杯咖啡。


My brother bought a new cap for himself.

我的哥哥为自己买了一顶便帽。


We stared at ourselves in the mirror.

我们注视着在镜子里的自己。


My neighbor and I repaired the washing machine all by ourselves.

我和我的邻居自己修理了洗衣机。


Exercises 习题

Choose the right answers.

选择对的答案。

1. I baked ( myself, yourself ) a cake.

2. Alex locks ( herself, himself ) in his room when he is angry.

3. Christine and her friends ordered ( ourselves, themselves ) something to eat.

4. My little brother cut a slice of watermelon for ( himself, herself ).

5. I hope you enjoy ( yourself, yourselves ) at the party, children.

6. She laughed at ( herself, himself ) for making a silly mistake.

7. We promised ( themselves, ourselves ) never to do such a thing again.

8. Alfred and his friends sailed the boat to the island all by ( yourselves, themselves ).

9. The bear caught ( itself, myself ) a fish in the river.

10. My mum made ( himself, herself ) up in 15 minutes.


Answers 答案

1.myself 2.himself 3.themselves 4.himself 5.yourselves 6.herself 7.ourselves 8.themselves 9.itself 10.herself