Subject-Verb Agreement 主语与动词一致

Singular subjects go with singular verbs.

单数主语单数动词连用。

Examples of Singular Subjects 单数主语的例子 Examples of Singular Verbs 单数动词的例子
he 他 goes 去
she 她 drinks 喝
Alan 艾伦 plays 玩
Xiao Ling 小玲 runs 跑
friend 朋友 does 做
aunt 舅母 knows 知道
child 小孩 eats 吃
dog 狗 barks 吠
cat 猫 mews 喵

He cycles to school daily.

他每天骑自行车去上学。


She drinks a glass of lemonade every afternoon.

她每天下午喝一杯柠檬汁。


Alan plays with his neighbors in the evening.

艾伦傍晚和他的邻居一快儿玩。


Chen Ping runs as fast as a deer.

陈萍是个飞毛腿。


My friend does aerobics once a week.

我的朋友每个星期做一次有氧运动。


The child usually eats bread and butter for breakfast.

那小孩早餐通常吃面包和黄油。


Her cat mews when it is hungry.

当她的猫肚饿时就喵喵地叫。






Plural subjects go with plural verbs.

复数主语复数动词连用。

Examples of Plural Subjects 复数主语的例子 Examples of Plural Verbs 复数动词的例子
they 他们 like 去
we 我们 love 爱
Mingfu and Aifang 明福和爱芳 go 去
relatives 小玲 visit 跑
colleagues 朋友 call 打电话
men 男人 play 玩
children 小孩 eat 吃
watches 手表 keep (手表、时钟)走
roosters 公鸡 crow 啼叫

They like shopping.

他们喜欢购物。


We love your fruit cake.

我们爱吃你的干果蛋糕。


Mingfu and Aifang go swimming very often.

明福和爱芳时常去游泳。


Our relatives visit us every month.

我们的亲戚每个月拜访我们。


Your colleagues often call you.

你的同事经常地打电话给你。


The men play basketball on Sundays.

那些男人星期日打蓝球。


The roosters crow early in the morning.

那些公鸡一早啼叫。


His watches keep good time.

他的手表走得准。



Exceptional Case

I’ and ‘you’ are singular pronouns, but they take plural verbs.

例外的情况

I’ 和 ‘you’ 是单数代名词,但与复数动词连用。

Examples:

例子:

I watch TV in the evening.
我傍晚看电视。

I read whenever I am free.
每当我空闲时,我阅读。

You speak French fluently.
你的法语很流利。

You play the saxophone well.
你的萨克斯风吹得好。

You’ can also be a plural pronoun, when it refers to more than one person. When it is a plural pronoun, it also takes a plural verb.

当 ‘you’ 是指超过一个人时,它就是复数代名词。当我们把 ‘you’ 当作复数代名词时,它也与复数动词连用。


Exercises 习题

Choose the correct answers.

选择对的答案。

1. Water ( freeze, freezes ) at 32 degrees Fahrenheit.

2. We ( keep, keeps ) our stamps in albums.

3. My friends and I ( fly, flies ) kites when the weather is windy.

4. Your dog ( growl, growls ) when it is angry.

5. Michael always ( complete, completes ) his work quickly.

6. My neighbors ( grow, grows ) vegetables in their backyards.

7. I ( know, knows ) the answer to this question.

8. The beggar ( beg, begs ) for money on the street every day.

9. All my aunts ( cook, cooks ) well.

10. You ( shut, shuts ) the windows before you go to bed at night.


Answers

1. freezes

2. keep

3. fly

4. growls

5. completes

6. grow

7. know

8. begs

9. cook

10. shut